Fruiting, Rare & Tropical Plants

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from the Logee's growers

Short Day Bloomers - Plants that Flower in the Dead of Winter

By Laurelynn Martin and Byron Martin



Blue Skyflower (Thunbergia grandiflora)

Blue Skyflower
(Thunbergia grandiflora)


Christmas Cactus ‘Aspen’ (Schlumbergera hybrid)

Christmas Cactus ‘Aspen’
(Schlumbergera hybrid) 
 


Begonia ‘Flemenco’ (Begonia rhizomatous hybrid)

Begonia ‘Flemenco’
(Begonia rhizomatous hybrid)
 


Fire Lily ‘Good Hope’ (Clivia miniata hybrid)

Fire Lily ‘Good Hope’ 
(Clivia miniata hybrid) 
 



Short-day plants flower when the natural day length is at a minimum during the late fall and winter. Yet, winter is the leanest time and often the most challenging time to bring plants into flower. Remember, the process of creating beauty takes place months earlier. Winter flowering plants usually fall into three groups: those that form buds during the short day length; those that prefer cool nighttime temperatures of fall; and those plants that flower year-round even under the low light of winter. Once you’ve been with these flowers in the dead of winter, we are sure you will want to continue that trend for next year.


The one distinction between short-day bloomers and other winter performers is that short-day bloomers only depend on the length of darkness that they receive in a day. Other winter bloomers like Jasminum Polyanthum are not dependent on the day length as much as cool nighttime temperatures. Short-day bloomers are dependent on the day length for bud formation, which begins in October, once we have gone below 13 hours of daylight.  Some short-day flowering plants include: Blue Skyflower (Thunbergia grandiflora), many camellias, osmanthus, Christmas Cactus and clivias to name a few. All are dependent on the day length for bud formation, which begins in October, or once we have gone below 13 hours of daylight. Although, many tolerate cooler temperatures, they are not dependent on it.


Christmas Cactus bloom during the shortest days of the year.  There are many colors and forms of Christmas Cactus for you to enjoy.  To prolong flowering, keep the plants cool during the bloom cycle.

 
Many foliage begonias bloom during the winter season.  Flower spikes rise above the foliage creating a dramatic display. 


Some plants require cool temperatures and drier soil during the fall and winter months to bring them into bloom. Clivias flower best when you grow them fairly dry and on a cool window during the winter “resting period.”  Their flowering cycle is from February to May.  This cultural technique will bring clivias into bloom.